The higher education system in Canada is not very different from the American education system, with a little influence from Britain.
There are mainly three types of institutions:
Public universities in Canada are run by the provincial, territorial or federal government funding besides receiving the tuition fees from students.
Private universities in Canada are mostly funded by donations and research grants. These universities do not receive funding from the government bodies.
Liberal Arts Colleges:
Liberal arts colleges in Canada are pretty similar to that in the USA. These are either public or private colleges, with a primary emphasis on undergraduate courses in liberal arts.